BEES, WASPS & HORNETS 蜜蜂, 黄蜂
BEE, WASP & HORNET SPECIES THAT WERE COMMONLY FOUND IN SINGAPORE
|Asian Honey Bee||Giant Honey Bee||Pear-tailed Potter Wasp||Lesser banded Hornet|
|Appearance||Yellow and brown/black bands|
One less brown/black band at the top of the abdomen compared to Asian honey bee.
|Black and reddish and established with a long petioles||Black with yellow-orange band across the first and second segment of abdomen|
|Behaviour||Reproductive swarming which the swarm stays 20-30m away from the mother nest for some time until information gathered from scout bee. The scout bee will lookout for suitable cavities for the swarms to nest. Absconding behavior can be seen in this species when there is a shortage of food supply where they will abandon the current nest and build a new nest in a new location where the food source is abundant. These bees do not store great amounts of honey, so they are more vulnerable to starvation if a prolonged food shortage occurs.||Most dangerous species among honey bees. They are equipped with a stinger of 3mm long and can penetrate the enemy easily. Large venom glands attached to the stinger with muscles that pump the venom into the skin, thus a painful sting will be delivered.||Harmless species where they are more likely to flee when being alarmed rather than attack||Forage in grassy areas, forest, and wasteland, prey on other insects such as wasp/honey bee/flies. Aggressive and powerful sting|
|Habitat||Build their nests in enclosed space||Normally found in a forested area and hanging their nest on the tree branches, they can actively forage after dusk and they get attracted to artificial light sources.||Nest on tree trunks, branches, and on man-made structures||Hives on trees, within low shrubs, and on the ground or houses|
Approaches to control them
What is a bee, wasp and hornet? What are their differences?
Bees are fuzzy flying insect with yellow and black stripes. Wasp and hornets have similar hairless bodies. The main difference between wasp and hornet is their size and colour. Wasps are about 1 cm to 2.5 cm long, whereas the hornets are larger.
Bees are beneficial insect because they pollinate plants whereas wasps and hornets help out by eating other insects. Nonetheless, all of them can be hazardous. Stings can be dangerous to those allergic to their venom, although these insects will only sting if they are threatened. Bees die after the sting but wasps and hornets will not die after the sting.
What is the feeding pattern of bees, wasps and hornets?
Pollen and nectar are the main sources of food for bees, whereas for wasp and hornets, they are general scavengers feeding on other insects, leftover food and decaying fruit.
How can we prevent bees, wasps & hornets?
They are drawn to sweet foods or decaying materials. So by eliminating the food source, it can be prevented.
How do I know I have bee, wasp or hornet problem?
The presence of crowd of bees, wasps or hornets flying around your home is the main indicator where they will be hunting for food and protecting their nests.
Why would you find honey bees coming into your home in the evening or early mornings?
Honey bees that forage in the late evening are often attracted to the urban light sources.
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